Imperial Skin Care
Escape into a World of Total Comfort, Relaxation and Rejuvenation
Day Spa centrally located for Boulder, Broomfield, Erie, Denver,
Louisville & Superior, CO. Tel 720-233-0170

Your Subtitle text

Acne, Pimples - Causes, Treatment

What is Acne or Pimples ?

Acne (also known as Pimples) is a skin problem that affects almost all teenagers. The condition results from the action of hormones on the skin's oil glands (sebaceous glands). The sebaceous glands make an oily substance called sebum that empties onto the skin surface through the hair follicle opening (pore). The mixture of oil and cells allows bacteria that normally live on the skin to grow in the follicle openings. When this happens, pores become clogged and pimples develop.

In most cases, pimples occur on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Acne does not present a serious health risk, but severe acne can result in permanent scarring. In addition, acne can have significant physical and psychological consequences, such as causing a poor self-image, social inhibition, and anxiety.

Why Do Some People Get Acne and Others Don't ?

It is not clear why some people are more prone to acne than others. The exact cause of acne is not known, but one important factor is an increase in male sex hormones called androgens. Androgens increase in both boys and girls during puberty. Androgens cause the sebaceous glands (oil glands) to get larger and produce more sebum. Androgens also can increase because of hormonal changes related to pregnancy or starting or stopping birth control pills.

Another factor in the cause of acne is genetics. Researchers believe that the tendency to develop acne can be inherited from parents. In addition, some drugs (for example, anti-epilepsy medication, prednisone, androgens and lithium) are known to cause acne. Cosmetics that have a greasy consistency may change the cells of the follicles, causing them to stick together and resulting in a plugged pore.

Things that can make acne worse include:

  • Friction caused by leaning on or rubbing the skin; harsh scrubbing
  • Picking or squeezing blemishes
  • Pressure from bike helmets, backpacks, or tight collars
  • Changing hormone levels in adolescent girls and adult women two to seven days before the start of the menstrual period
  • Stress

Other factors that were previously thought to make acne worse do not seem to have an effect on the development of acne. These factors include chocolate, greasy foods, and dirty skin.

What Does Acne Look Like ?

Acne can appear as one of the following:

  • Whiteheads: White dots that are pores impacted with oil and skin covered by skin layers.
  • Blackheads: Black bumps that are impacted pores in which material pushes out through the follicles. The black color is not from dirt. It may be from bacteria and matter that react with oxygen.
  • Papules, Pustules or Nodules: More serious lesions appearing red and swollen due to inflammation or infection of the tissue around the clogged follicles, which are often painful and feel hard.
  • Cysts: Deep, painful, pus-filled lesions that can cause scarring.

Acne Prevention Tips

Here are tips that may help control acne.

  • Don't over wash or use harsh scrubs. Remember, acne is not caused by dirt. Two gentle washings a day is sufficient. Too much cleaning can leave skin irritated and dry, triggering glands to produce more oil, increasing the likelihood of pimples.
  • Use oil-free or non-comedogenic products (those that won't clog pores) on your face.
  • Don't squeeze or pick blemishes. Popping pimples can drive acne bacteria deeper into the skin. Picking can lead to more inflammation and permanent scarring.

There are several Acne Treatment products sold over the counter, most of them have Salicylic acid or Benzoyl Peroxide as the active ingredient, choose products that works for your skin, it may take 2 or 3 weeks before you see any improvement. Use products with Benzoyl Peroxide only in the evenings as it makes your skin sensitive to sunlight.

Make sure you keep your skin moisturized and wear SUNSCREEN everyday. Cleanse your face every morning and use a moisturizer with a sunscreen. Twice a week exfoliate your face with a face brush and your regular cleanser. Cleanse your face in the evening before going to bed and use a moisturizer so that your skin does not produce excess oil.

Acne Facial Treatment

Acne FacialWe also have a professional Acne Facial treatment that will boost your skin towards becoming acne free.

Our Acne Facial includes deep cleansing, enzyme mask, steaming, extractions of blackheads, whiteheads and a hydrating mask to help with your Acne.

The products we use have all natural ingredients such as clay, algae, trace minerals and essential oils.: Facial Treatments

On-line Discussion on Acne

Join the discussion for this topic on our Blog or on Facebook or return to Forums.

For more information on Acne Treatments and related Products, use our Custom Search Engine, read the reviews on Acne Products at our Store and view related educational Videos at our ImperialSkin Channel.